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2012年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(海南卷下)

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时间:2014-04-27

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C
About twenty of us had been fortunate enough to receive invitations to a film-studio(影棚)to take part in a crowd-scene. Although our "act" would last only for a short time, we could see quite a number of interesting things.
    We all stood at the far end of the studio as workmen prepared the scene, setting up trees at the edge of a winding path. Very soon, bright lights were turned on and the big movie-camera was
wheeled into position. The director shouted something to the camera operator and then went to speak to the two famous actors nearby. Since it was hot in the studio, it came as a surprise to us to see one of the actors put on a heavy overcoat and start walking along the path. A big fan began blowing tiny white feathers down on him, and soon the trees were covered in "snow". Two more fans were turned on, and a "strong wind" blew through the trees. The picture looked so real that it made us feel cold.
     The next scene was a complete contrast(对比).The way it was filmed was quite unusual. Pictures taken on an island in the Pacific were shown on a glass screen. An actor and actress stood in front of the scene so that they looked as if they were at the water's edge on an island. By a simple trick like this, palm trees, sandy beaches, and blue, clear skies had been brought into the studio!
     Since it was our turn next, we were left wondering what scene would be prepared for us. For a full three minutes in our lives we would be experiencing the excitement of being film”Stars”!
64. Who is the author?
A. A cameraman.
B. A film director.
C. A crowd-scene actor
D. A workman for scene setting
65. What made the author feel cold?
A. The heavy snowfall.
B. The man-made scene.
C. The low temperature.
D. The film being shown.
66. What would happen in the "three minutes" mentioned, in the last paragraph?
A. A new scene would be filmed.
B. More stars would act in the film.
C. The author would leave the studio.
D. The next scene would be prepared.
D
Grown-ups are often surprised by how well they remember something they learned as children but have never practiced ever since. A man who has not had a chance to go swimming for years can still swim as well as ever when he gets back in the water. He can get on a bicycle after many years and still ride away. He can play catch and hit a ball as well as his son. A mother who has not thought about the words for years can teach her daughter the poem that begins "Twinkle, twinkle, little star" or remember the story of Cinderella or Goldilocks and the Three Bears.
One explanation is the law of overlearning, which can be stated as follows: Once we have learned something, additional learning trials increase the length of time we will remember it.
   In childhood we usually continue to practice such skills as swimming, bicycle riding, and playing baseball long after we have learned them. We continue to listen to and remind ourselves of words such as "Twinkle, twinkle, little star" and childhood tales such as Cinderella and Goldilocks. We not only learn but overlearn.
    The multiplication tables(乘法口诀表)are an exception to the general rule. that we forget rather quickly the things that we learn in school, because they are another of the things we overlearn in childhood.
   The law of overlearning explains why cramming(突击学习)for an examination, though it may result in a passing grade, is not a satisfactory way to learn a college course. By cramming, a student may learn the subject well enough to get by on the examination, but he is likely soon to forget almost everything he learned. A little overlearning, on the other hand, is really necessary for one's future development.
67.What‘the main idea of Paragraph 1
A. People remember well what they learned in childhood.
B. Children have a better memory than grown-ups.
C. Poem reading is a good way to learn words.“
D. Stories for children are easy to remember.
 
68. The author explains the law of overlearning by
  A. presenting research findings
B. setting down general rules
  C. making a comparison
D. using examples
69. According to the author, being able to use multiplication tables is
A. a result of overlearning
  B. a special case of cramming
  C. a skill to deal with math problems
  D. a basic step towards advanced studies
70. What is the author's opinion on cramming?
A. It leads to failure in college exams.
B. It's helpful only in a limited way.
C. It's possible to result in poor memory.
D. It increases students' learning interest.
 
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10"分) 
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为
多余选项。
Kids' health: Four steps for fighting stress
Everybody gets stressed time to time.  71     Some ways of dealing with stress 一like screaming or hitting someone一don't solve (解决),much. But other ways, like talking to someone you trust, can lead you to solving your problem or at least feeling better.
Try taking these four steps. the next time you are stressed:
(1) Get support. When you need help, reach out to the people who care about you. Talk
    To “trusted adult, such as “parent or other relatives.     72     They might have had similar problems, such as dealing with a test, or the death of a beloved pet.
  (2) Don't take it out on yourself. Sometimes when kids are stressed and upset they take it out on themselves. Oh, dear, that's good idea. Remember that there are always people to help you. Don't take it out on yourself.     73    
  (3) Try to solve the problem. After you're calm and you have support from adults and friends, it's time to get down to business.        74     Even if you can't solve it all, you can solve a piece of it.
  (4) Be positive. Most stress is temporary(暂时的).Remember stress does go away, especially when you figure out the problem and start working on solving it. These steps aren't magic, but they do work. And if you can stay positive as you make your way through a tough time, you'll help yourself feel better even faster.      75     
 
A. Ask for a helping hand to get you through the tough situation.
B. Notice your friends' feelings and find a way to help them.
C. Different people feel stress in different ways
D. Ah, it feels so good when the stress is gone.
E. You need to figure out what the problem is.
F. And don't forget about your friends.
G. Then, find a way to calm down。
 
第Ⅱ卷
 
注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。
 
第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)
 
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题I分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文.
文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:
1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
I learned early in life that I had to be more patient and little aggressive. From
 the time I was about four until I was about six, I destroyed each of my toy. I 
was happy when the toys worked, but when things did wrong, I got angry and
 broke it. For a while parents bought me new toys. But before long they began
 to see which was happening. When I tear apart my fifth birthday toy train, my 
father said, "That's it. No more toys to you." My punishment lasted a year. 
Meanwhile, I found out that with more patience I must make my toys to last. 
My attitude changed from then on.
 
 
第二节书面表达(满分25分)
     假定你是李华,从互联网上得知一个国际中学生组织将在新加坡((Singapore)举办夏令营,欢迎各国学生参加。请写一封电子邮件申请参加。
内容主要包括:
I.自我介绍(包括英语能力);
2.参加意图(介绍中国、了解其他国家);
3.希望获准.
 
 
注意:
1.词数100左右:
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3.邮件开头和结尾已为你写好。
 
 
 
2012年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试
英语答案
第一、二、三部分:
1.C  2.A  3.B  4.C  5.A  6.C  7.B  8.B  9.C
10.C  11.A  12.B  13.B  14.A  15.A  16.B  17.A  18.A
19.C  20.A  21.A  22.C  23.C  24.D  25.B  26.D  27.B
28.A  29.A  30.D  31.C  32.D  33.C  34.B  35.A  36.B
37.D  38.D  39.C  40.C  41.A  42.B  43.C  44.A  45.B
46.B  47.D  48.A  49.C  50.D  51.A  52.A  53.C  54.D
55.B  56.C  57.C  58.B  59.C  60.B  61.C  62.A  63.D
64.C  65.B  66.A  67.A  68.D  69.A  70.B  71.C  72.F
73.A  74.E  75.D
第四部分:
第一节:
I learned early in life that I had to be more patient and little aggressive. From
                                             Less
the time I was about four until I was about six, I destroyed each of my toy. I
                                                         toys
was happy when the toys worked, but when things did / ^ wrong, t got angry and
                                          went/go
broke it. For a while ^ parents bought me new toys. But before long they began
    them        my
to see which was happening. When I tear apart my fifth birthday toy train, my
     what                     tore
father said, "That's it. No more toys to you." My punishment lasted a year.
                             For
Meanwhile,I found out that with more patience I must make my toys to last.
My attitude changed from then on.
内容要点
1.个人情况(包括英语能力)
2.参加意图(介绍中国、了解其他国家)
3.希望获准
4.合适的结尾
五、One Possible Version
Dear Sir or Madam,
I'm Li Hua, a middle school student from China. I read the announcement of the summer
camp that you have posted on the Internet and I am interested in it. I know that you welcome
students from different countries and I'd like to take part in it. I've been learning English for
10 years, and I speak fluent English. What is more, I'JI be able to tell students from other
countries about China and learn about their countries as well. I hope I will be accepted as a
member of your summer camp.
Looking forward to your reply!
Regards,
Li Hua
 
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